10 Best Coding Languages That Are Worth Learning

So you want to know the best coding languages that are worth learning in 2023? Well, with the exponential rate at which technology is progressing, I don’t blame you!
More and more people are turning to code and programming languages as a means of developing their skill sets in order to remain competitive in the job market. 

The issue is that there are hundreds of thousands of programming languages out there. So how do you know which one to learn?

Well, luckily for you, there is only a handful that are actually worth learning in 2023.

In this article, we are going to go through the 10 greatest programming languages to consider studying if you’re looking to stay ahead of the curve and become a true programmer!

So without further ado, let’s jump right in.

1. Python

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Python is one of the most popular programming languages in the world, and for good reason! It’s simple to learn, widely used by developers, and incredibly versatile.

Python is used for building web applications [both frontends and backends], creating machine learning algorithms, artificial intelligence, data analysis, and visualization programs. 

If you are new to programming and don’t know what field you want to go into, Python is probably your best bet.

2. JavaScript

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Similarly to Python, JavaScript is also an incredibly versatile and simple-to-use programming language.

JavaScript is utilized primarily to develop interactive websites, however, JavaScript is also widely used across all areas of software development

I personally believe JavaScript is a much more challenging language to learn compared to Python. However, it is still much easier to many languages on this list. Its popularity also ensures that you can find plenty of online tutorials and resources dedicated to teaching it.

If you know you want to become a web developer, JavaScript is certainly the best programming language to learn in 2023.

3. C++

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C++ has been around since 1985, and it remains one of, if not the most, versatile languages out there today. 

It’s often relied upon when building high-performance software applications or game engines due to its ability to efficiently handle complex calculations or large datasets.

One of the greatest aspects of C++ is that it will really teach you how to code. It is not a simple language to learn, but if you can learn it, you will be much farther ahead than if you learned Python or JavaScript.

If building highly performant and technically advanced low-level applications is what interests you, C++ is the programming language for you!

4. Rust

Rust, a relatively new language compared to many others, was designed from the ground up with memory safety in mind, which makes it stand out from other comparable languages like C/C++. 

Memory safety helps prevent security vulnerabilities associated with buffer overflows caused by incorrect memory accesses, making it ideal for large-scale distributed systems which require robustness against malicious attacks and security breaches. 

For example, you will not have to worry about needing to get rid of secure search browser hijackers or other malware instances on your computer as you would with other coding languages.

Rust is incredibly popular with low-level programmers in 2023. According to the Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2022 of over 80,000 developers, Rust won the top spot for most beloved programming language! So if C++ doesn’t feel like the right language for you but you want to build low-level applications, Rust is an amazing alternative.

5. Go

Designed by Google engineers, this open-source language is highly efficient at handling web servers using minimal CPU power while concurrently supporting high scalability when dealing with numerous concurrent requests from users accessing a single application simultaneously.

Go was created to be a simpler language to use than C++ or Rust. If you want to dip your toes in the world of low-level programming but don’t want to become a master at it just yet, check out Go!

6. Ruby

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An interpreted scripting language designed for rapid web application development with an emphasis on simplicity rather than raw performance, Ruby allows developers to quickly create prototypes without having too much prior knowledge about how servers work behind the scenes. 

This enables them to swiftly deploy their projects and not overspend resources on debugging or troubleshooting issues down the line.

7. Java

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This object-oriented programming language is popular among enterprise applications such as those used within financial institutions or government departments due to its scalability and reliability when handling high volumes or data transactions over long periods. 

Additionally, it runs on almost any platform meaning that you can use your code on multiple operating systems without needing to rewrite it from scratch each time.

Java is normally the first language you learn in many college programs. Mainly because it is a prime example of object-oriented programming and utilizes a type system. Two programming concepts you should understand well if you want to be a programmer.

So if you want to learn a programming language that will make your life easier in college, check out Java.

8. TypeScript

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Developed by Microsoft, TypeScript is essentially a superset of JavaScript that adds useful features like type checking, async functions, interfaces, and generics. This allows developers to work on big projects involving lots of codebase maintenance and refactoring with ease while still preserving backward compatibility and interoperability with plain JavaScript.

TypeScript can be used for both backend and frontend development and definitely worth learning in 2023 if you want to be a web developer!

9. Swift

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Apple’s own programming language, which was created mainly for iOS and MacOS mobile app development, has a stricter syntax coupled with static typing that makes writing bug-free code significantly faster and easier compared to dynamic scripting languages like JavaScript, where errors and typos may pass unnoticed until runtime. 

Plus, Apple recently open-sourced Swift, so now anyone can contribute to its further improvement, taking advantage of all the existing third-party libraries available online.

10. SQL

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Structured Query Language (SQL) is a domain-specific programming language that provides a way for developers to write queries against relational database backends in order to fetch desired information quickly and efficiently. 

Knowing SQL will prove invaluable if you ever need insights into large, complex datasets stored inside databases, as the knowledge allows you to query these tables directly rather than having to manually enter individual commands one at a time, which could take hours depending upon the size of your dataset.


So that’s about it! The top 10 best programming languages to learn in 2023. Although I certainly don’t recommend trying to learn all of them at once, they are all very valuable tools depending on your needs and are great assets to have in your programming language toolbelt.

As always, good luck and happy coding!

Grant Darling

Grant is a full-stack / frontend software developer passionate about writing & coding. He has many years experience working in the tech industry both as a freelancer and as an employee.

The Code Bytes is all about providing people with honest information about programming. To learn more about Grant, read his about page!

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